Hypoglycemia in Teacups
This is a central nervous system disorder caused by low blood sugar. It occurs mainly in Toy breeds, between 6 and 12 weeks of age, but can occur later also if not regulated.
Often it is precipitated by stress, but can also occur by overtiring, chilling or a combination of all three.
Hypoglycemia can occur without warning, when a puppy is placed in a new environment, or while being shipped. It can also occur if the puppy misses a meal, chills, becomes exhausted from too much playtime or has a digestive upset. Any of these place an added strain on the energy reserves of the liver and bring on the symptoms.
The signs are those of listlessness and depression and are followed by muscular weakness and tremors in the facial muscles. The entire sequence is not always seen and may simply appear to be depressed, or he may be wobbly and/or jerking, and this can lead to convulsions, coma and death.
Prevention and Treatment
This is directed at restoring blood levels of glucose. Starting immediately. If the puppy is awake give him Karo Syrup, honey, or sugar mixed with water orally. You should see an improvement in as little as 10 minutes sometimes it will take up to 30 minutes, keep giving the mixture orally. If he is unconscious, seek a veterinarian Immediately. He will have to be given a Dextrose solution intravenously. It may also be necessary to treat for swelling of the brain. Prolonged or repeated attacks can cause permanent damage to the brain.
Prevent recurrent attacks by feeding high quality Eukanuba Small Breed Puppy food, and you can add the syrup or honey to it. You can also purchase a product called Nutri-Cal or Nutri-Stat given on a bi-hourly basis. The best way to prevent attacks is to make sure the puppy is eating and drinking frequently on an hourly basis as well and Do Not assume that he is eating and drinking without visually seeing him doing so. Do Not allow them to play longer than 20-30 minute periods, they should go to bed and rest after each playtime. Do Not allow their body to become chilled. Teacups should not have a full body grooming until they are close to a year old, a good scissor cut will do fine. Provide them with a t-shirt, sweater, or some kind of clothing if it is that time of year. You can also provide them with a heat mat to lay on in their resting place, under Close Supervision, you must see to it the temperature is not too hot or that they cannot chew or bite it. If you follow these instructions your new puppy should do fine until they are old enough that there reserves can regulate on their own.